Patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes and have a long history of it cannot feel any changes in blood sugar levels in the range of 4 to 10 mmol/l at all. That’s the risk of disease.
It is important to draw the patient’s attention to the fact that fluctuations in levels can lead to dangerous complications of the disease, and only self-control can help minimize the risk of their occurrence. Patient-recorded data helps experts determine the nature of the disease process and significantly simplify algorithms for determining optimal treatment options.
Modern inventions have greatly simplified the self-monitoring of diabetes, with smartphone apps making it possible to monitor the course of the disease. It is the reader’s responsibility to become familiar with new and standard means of controlling this disease.
How do you control yourself?
The general term self-control refers to a systematic set of measures that ensure the implementation of measures aimed at stabilizing blood sugar levels.
Attention! Patients must follow expert advice and independently maintain blood sugar levels within acceptable limits.
Therefore, the concept of self-control implies:
- Use the medication at the dosage recommended by experts.
- Perform diagnostic procedures at home,
- Ensure normal physical activity,
- Normalization of psycho-emotional states.
- Often, patients confuse the concepts of self-control and self-treatment, so the difference between the two should be distinguished.
Self-examination data must be recorded.
Self-control includes monitoring your own condition and following all advice from experts. At the same time, there is no need to adjust the medication regimen or dosage without consulting your doctor. Violations of basic algorithms can lead to dangerous complications.
Uncontrolled diabetes is dangerous due to uncontrolled fluctuations in blood sugar. Significant jumps in daytime metrics can lead to serious health problems.
Self-monitoring methods recommended by traditional medicine
Physicians should familiarize patients with the rules for controlling diabetes. Physicians should familiarize patients with the rules for controlling diabetes.
Self-control in patients with diabetes requires the regular implementation of a series of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures aimed at regulating and normalizing blood glucose levels.
Blood Test At Home
As part of a self-monitoring program, it is recommended to use test strips to determine blood sugar levels.
Instructions for performing the operation are as follows:
- Using special needles, any finger will be pierced.
- Wipe off the first drop with a napkin or cotton wool, then apply the second drop to the test strip.
- This drop should not be smeared, or another drop should be added.
- After applying the biological material to the strip, you need to wait a few minutes for the reagents impregnating the strip to react with the blood.
- After such a process, the strip changes color.
- The package has a comparison chart with litmus paper that will allow you to determine the glycemic index.
In this case, the patient’s principle of action changes slightly. Apply blood to the test strip and place it in the meter. Test results are available electronically within minutes.
Individually selected treatments: medications and lifestyle
Antidiabetic medicines are used to treat diabetes. The reason medications are prescribed in addition to lifestyle changes and dietary corrections is that dietary changes and non-drug corrections are not always successful.
The development of diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. They are the main source of energy for the body and are found in almost everything, from grapes to oatmeal.
Carbohydrates are complex chains of sugar molecules linked together. Once in the human intestine, they are broken down into the simple sugar glucose. In this form, carbohydrates can pass through the mucosa of the small intestine, enter the bloodstream, and be used for the body’s needs.
Glucose is the main supplier of cellular energy. However, as valuable as it is, it can’t just go inside. To do this, she needs a key—the hormone insulin. So once glucose enters the bloodstream, special receptors located on the walls of blood vessels respond to it and send out signaling molecules that activate the production of insulin in the pancreas.
Which doctor should I contact if I suspect diabetes?
Often, people turn to their GP first. If diabetes is suspected, he refers them to an endocrinologist, a specialist in the treatment of metabolic pathology. Also, it is best to explore diabetes care products online to manage your condition effectively.